Space and Motion Definitions 

Overlapping/Transparency- overlapping or layering images can create an illusion of space between the images or a feeling of motion from image to image. Transparency can be used to layer images and create an illusion of a smaller amount of space/ smaller movements 

Size change- objects that gradually become larger appear to be moving towards you, objects that gradually decrease in size appear to be moving away from you, sequences like these give the viewer a sense of motion and depth 

Linear Perspective- parallel lines meet giving the illusion of depth and distance 

Atmospheric Perspective- creates an illusion of depth or recession, a common method of atmospheric perspective is gradually fading the colors in the painting as you go back in space 

Vertical location- objects that are farther away in the picture may appear lower or higher than the objects in the foreground 

Figure/ground relationships- visual grouping that allows the viewer to distinguish the focal point from the background (Faces VS Vase)

Conveying/Capturing anticipated movement- capturing/predicting a fleeting motion and conveying it through painting/drawing/etc. 

Repeating- repetition can create patterns and rythyms (movement)

Cropping- cropping removes excess and can improving framing, accentuate an object, or change the focal point/background ratio, can crop to create the illusion of movement from one edge of the image to the other (rule of thirds) 

Blurring- to obscure or make something indistinct, used on the background so the focal point can be made more obvious 

Fragmenting- breaking apart of an image into separate pieces. Can be done to focal point or background depending on what you want to emphasize and how, creates a feeling of continued motion when done gradually 

Eliciting kinestethic responses- listening to something (like music) and drawing what you think of in response to that music (usually motion) 


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